Invisible waste explained in 500 words

The iceberg model

In absolute terms, the petrochemical industry produces much more waste than the pharmaceutical industry.

However, in relative terms the pharmaceutical industry is far less efficient and atom-economic than the petrochemical one.

The following table may illustrate this point:

Mobile phone’s life cycle

The key to reducing the invisible waste is reusing, repairing, refurbishing, and recycling, because any piece of equipment carries its burden of invisible waste.

However, if that piece of equipment is used, repaired, and eventually recycled no second piece of equipment has to be produced.

Environmentally conscious consumption



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